The hunters and gatherers had no use for an installed toilet yet: the need to „scoop the poop“ arose only with settling becoming a global trend.
Archeologic finds dated back to the Neolithic Age (3,000-2,500 BC) prove that the „out of sight, out of mind“ method is a deeply human thing – capture and discharge into the wild is the motto.
Greco-Roman antiquity: the washing up goes on, albeit in an aesthetically and architecturally more refined way.
European Middle Ages: with washing considered a waste of time, handling bodily waste in a clever way is not a priority. Castles or townhouses, there’s (almost) no exception to the rule of plop it like it’s hot… into moats, cesspools, or rivers.
The predecessor of the modern flushing toilet was built by Sir John Harington. His 1590 creation, despite the Queen’s endorsement, was unpopular for being too loud and too smelly. The improved version introduced much later under the reign of Queen Victoria however was a hit – due to the invention of sewage systems.
So the flushing toilet reins supreme since about 1880, and even the craziest, most futuristic hightech toilets made today rely on the use of drinking water.
And this is now coming full circle to all the problems highighted above: the scarcity of the drinking water worldwide, the increasing water pollution, climate change – all of those fuel the need to find sustainable and waterless sanitation solutions.
For us it’s clear anyway: composting toilets for the win. Instead of tinkering around the problematic status quo, we rather focus on building sustainable, comfortable, clean and aesthetically pleasing composting toilets.
Now we’d love to hear from you. Water or compost, and why?